The town of Mbour and its surrounding rural and urban communities are located along Senegal’s “Petite côte”. Its economy relies heavily on the fishery and tourism sectors. Fishermen are increasingly confronted with changes in resource availability that are sometimes framed as manifestations of climate change. Tourist operators are confronted to beach erosion and concerns regarding rain regimes. It is interesting to note that the pressures faced by these two sectors put them in a collision course regarding the use of available space. This last feature, a maladaptation, led us to select Mbour as a study site.