Uummannaq is an island of 12km2 and a fjord, located in the middle of the West coast of Greenland, with a polar climate and a population mostly native of 2300. The fjord is home to a Kalaallit (Inuit of Greenland) community of 2300. This community has been going through a process of adaptation to changes introduced by Danish colonialism. Today, the biggest challenge is to find a way to remain a sustainable and attractive community in spite of the demographic urban concentration, economic globalization and the need of rationalization to build the country's future independence. Climate changes cause dramatic impacts on landscapes and people. The key feature that led us to select Uummannaq lies in the deep connection between this community and the Arctic nature, understood with an ethno-historical approach, and combined with current challenges associated with climate.